7 Common Misuses Of Fall Protection Equipment

common misuses of fall protection equipment

7 Common Misuses Of Fall Protection Equipment

Every worker has the right to return home safe each and every day. The most recent report conducted by the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), showed that 251,508 Canadian’s accepted claims for lost time due to work-related injury or disease in just one year.

Did you know that approximately 18% of those time-loss injuries, or about 42,000 workers a year, are injured due to fall incidents alone? You can prevent falls and incidents like these by wearing proper fall protection equipment, and wearing it right.

If you’re working at a height exceeding 3 meters (10 feet) occupational health and safety laws generally require fall protection measures to be in place. You can check with your jurisdiction as requirements do vary, but in most cases fall protection measures such as fixed barriers, surface opening protections, control zones, fall or travel restraint systems, fall containment systems or fall arrest systems are required. You can learn more about some of these systems by reading our fall protection glossary.

But it’s not good enough just to throw on the required minimum fall protection equipment and call it a day – It’s important the equipment be used properly.

In this blog, we will be talking a bit about 7 common misuses of fall protection equipment, to serve as a reminder for things to look out for, but should be used in conjunction with proper training. The Hercules Training Academy offers an extensive suite of high-quality safety training and certification courses, including a course on fall protection!

1. Misuse of Rebar Snap Hooksfall protection repair snap hooks

Rebar hooks (also referred to as pelican hooks, large gates or form hooks) are frequently used pieces of equipment in the fall protection world because their large openings make them quick and easy to use. They also allow for connection to many objects, eliminating the need for additional anchorage connectors. However, not using an additional connector can be very dangerous in the wrong circumstances and rebar hooks are only approved for specific configurations so if you use them outside of those configurations, it can present a safety hazard to workers.

The best way to mitigate the misuse of rebar snap hooks is to ensure that the anchorage connector D-ring is larger than the snap hook to avoid side loading. Since this is difficult to achieve, oftentimes workers choose to use a small anchor strap instead with some workplaces not allowing the use of snap hooks all together!

2. Misuse of Lanyards

A common mistake made with lanyards is users wrapping them back upon themselves. Most fall arrest lanyards are not designed to wrap around a structure and hook onto themselves, but a worker may try to set it up in that way if no other anchorage point is available. This can cause equipment failure due to damaged to the lanyard material or improper gate loading. This problem can be solved with anchorage straps, which are designed to be wrapped back on themselves – providing the proper strength needed to be safe while also remaining accessible.

Furthermore, regardless of if a lanyard is designed for wrapping around beams, piping, ductwork, or around a guardrail, with time, the sawing action could damage it. This problem can be mitigated by using a beam clamp or beam straps as an anchorage connector.

3. Inappropriate Anchorage Connection or Strength

A fall protection system is only as effective as its anchorage. Always ensure the anchorage is strong enough to support the weight of the individual wearing it in the case of a fall. To be sure you can rely on your fall protection equipment, always test the strength of the connection after set up.

To be certain you have the right anchorage strength, only use certified anchorages and make sure there is always someone on the scene with the correct training to properly identify the appropriate anchorage to use for the circumstances of the job. Since the average weight of the individuals using the fall protection system will very, the anchorage system must be designed for the maximum weight of any potential users.

3m dbi-sala fall protection anchorages

4. Anchoring Below The Dorsal D-Ring

Another common misuse of fall protection systems is workers anchoring themselves to a point below their dorsal D-Ring (sometimes even below their feet). This increases the free fall weight and distance, sometimes beyond the equipment’s ability to arrest it. Pushing these limits can cause the lanyard or anchorage to fall, or can exceed the allowable force on the body, which can increase the likelihood of a serious injury.

The goal is always to minimize free-fall distances, so connecting to a point above the dorsal D-ring should be the choice if in any way possible. However, if there is no overhead structure to provide an anchorage point, the worker must use a free-fall lanyard that is approved for the greater free-fall distance and force.

5. Unproperly Adjusted Harnesses

For fall protection equipment to be used correctly and effectively, workers must be wearing their equipment correctly. Most fall protection harnesses are designed with adjustable leg, waist, shoulder, and chest straps, which all must be sized to the user. A fall protection system is no good if you can’t stay in it, which is exactly the risk presented if the harness is not tightened properly to the user’s body. As you can imagine, being ejected from a harness mid-fall can lead to serious injury.

Here’s what to look for to ensure a harness is fitted correctly:

  • The dorsal D-ring sits between the worker’s shoulders blades – If it’s adjusted too high, the metal hardware could cause injury to the user’s head and if it’s adjusted too low, the user can be left hanging in a poor position with an increased risk of suspension trauma.
  • The chest strap should lie across the user’s chest at the base of the sternum – If it’s too high on the user’s chest, it can cause a choking hazard in the case of a fall by putting pressure on the user’s neck.
  • Shoulder straps cannot be pulled off of the user’s shoulders or outward.
  • Sub-pelvic straps are positioned under the buttocks.
  • Leg straps are tightened to a point where four fingers can fit between the strap and the user’s leg, but cannot pull away from the leg.
  • General observation of harness fit – Looking for things like twisted straps or asymmetrical leg straps. 

3m dbi-sala fall protection harness specs and info

6. Using Damaged or Recalled Equipment

Everything from UV exposer, corrosion, wear and tear and everything in between can impact the effectiveness of your fall protection equipment. You can avoid UV and corrosion damage by storing your equipment properly when not in use, but some amount of wear and tear cannot be avoided if you’re actually using your equipment, which is what it’s made for after all! Because of this, all users should be trained on what to look for when inspecting equipment to ensure that it is in proper working order to operate safely.

Steps to ensure your equipment is always in safe working condition:

  1. Have your equipment inspected on at least an annual basis – Another thing Hercules SLR’s experienced and LEEA certified team can take off your hands! 
  2. Register your equipment so you are always notified of product recalls or advisories.
  3. Stay current on advisories and advances in technology.
  4. Store equipment in an environment that is as protected as possible.

7. Confusing Twin-Leg Energy-Absorbing & Self-Retracting Devices

Although these two devices sometimes look and function similar, a common mistake people make is thinking twin-leg energy absorbing & self-retracting lifeline devices are the same or interchangeable. However, since they are designed and tested for specific conditions, it’s important they are used for those appropriate applications.

The self-retracting lifeline (SRL) vs. energy-absorbing lifeline (EAL) is a topic of lively debate among fall protection engineers because both devices have their benefits but the general consensus is that an SRL is preferable in an industrial environment where an overhead horizontal system is (or can be) installed and an EAL is preferable in a construction environment where workers typically do not have access to an overhead anchorage point.

3m dbi-sala fall protecton srl hercules slr


Click this image to view the full Fall Protection course overview.

The Hercules Training Academy is open with brand new classrooms and specialized training equipment enable us to provide an even higher quality of service than ever before when it comes to safety training. Through our Hercules Training Academy, we offer an extensive suite of high-quality safety training and certification courses. Whether you’re looking for initial or refresher training, we provide practical, hands-on courses designed to exceed the minimum safety requirements.

In our Fall Protection course, you will learn: regulations, hazard assessments, pre-use inspections, calculating fall distance, donning a harness, selecting fall protection equipment, fall protection plans and procedures, selecting anchor points, ladders, elevated work platforms, suspension trauma

We can customize courses to fit your workplace’s specific needs. We are always willing to design a course (or multiple courses) specifically for you!


LOOKING TO BRING YOUR WORKPLACE SAFETY TO THE NEXT LEVEL? CALL US—HERCULES SLR OFFERS AN EXTENSIVE SUITE OF HIGH-QUALITY SAFETY TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION COURSES.

 

Yes, Sitting at Your Desk Can Cause Injury: Repetitive Strain Injury Awareness Day

repetitive strain injury
February 29th doesn’t happen each year – this is why we celebrate Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) Awareness Day on the last day of February, a “non-repetitive” day. Repetitive Strain Injuries are also known as musculoskeletal disorders. 

Why exactly do we celebrate this day? Repetitive strain injuries, also known as musculoskeletal injuries or disorders, impact people in a wide variety of industries. According to Statistics Canada, over 2-million Canadians experience a repetitive strain injury that limits their daily lives and activities – over 55% of these injuries occurr at work. If that’s not enough to make you want to prevent strain, the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) says musculoskeletal disorders are one of the most common causes for time-loss injuries, and lost-time costs in Canada. 

repetitive strain injury awareness day at herucles slr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURY: WHAT ARE THEY?

Repetitive strain injuries happen from common motions you make often, on a daily-basis. These repetitive motions include turning, twisting, bending, gripping, clicking. reaching for nearby objects and even the way you sit at a desk. They can all cause permanent or temporary injury to muscles, nerves, ligaments, joints and tendons. 

Yes, these motions are an everyday part of many job duties. However, when muscles, tendons and nerves are repeatedly exposed to trauma, this puts worker’s at risk to develop a RSI.

Obviously these actions be difficult to avoid, so what risk factors should workers aim to prevent? 

Some of the risk factors that contribute to RSI’s include: 

  • Awkward postures, awkward fixed or constrained body position 
  • Excessive force concentrated on small parts of the body, like the hand or wrist
  • Regular breaks: Fast-pace work with little-to-no break or recovery time
  • Psychosocial: Risk factors like stress or emotional trauma 
  • Localized pressure: Leaning on elbows, arm rests, etc. 

Common repetitive strain injuries include: 

  • Tendonitis
  • Tension Neck Syndrome
  • Carpal Tunnel 
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURY: PREVENT THE PAIN

There are quite a few steps you can take to prevent injuries. As we mentioned, a number of movements cause repetitive strain injuries and can contribute to musculoskeletal disorders, but there are simple steps you can take to prevent them from happening in the first place.

FOR EMPLOYEES

What role do employees play in preventing the pain? If possible at your job, here are a few steps to take to reduce repetitive strain injuries.  

  • If practical for the role, structure jobs so you can switch between different tasks, to move different muscle groups
  • If repetitive work is necessary, have a workstation that can be adjusted – often, a desk that allows the you to sit, stand or both can be beneficial to reduce strain 
  • Provide employees with well-maintained tools to complete tasks, which can help exert less force, and experience fewer strain and awkward positions
  • Take frequent breaks to stretch your neck, legs and arms to help prevent strain

EMPLOYERS 

  • Mechanization: Automate employee tasks when and if possible
  • Job Rotation: Rotate between different tasks
  • Teamwork: Distribute work evenly among team members  
  • Job Enlargement: Increase the variety of tasks for workers 

Not reasonable to just get rid of repetitive motions in your job? Here are some other workplace issues you can look at that may help prevent a repetitive strain injury: 

  • Workplace design: Fit the workstation to the worker 
  • Assistive devices: Use carts, hoists or other mechanical handling devices  
  • Work practices: Train workers properly and thoroughly, give rest periods and job control to workers  
  • Tool and equipment design: Provide workers with proper equipment and tools that lessen the body’s use of force and awkward positioning 

SYMPTOMS

Repetitive strain injuries don’t happen overnight, as we mentioned repeatedly (sorryin this article, are caused by overexposure to trauma, and strain. 

Look for these symptoms to identify on-coming musculoskeletal disorders:

  • Pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Muscle tightness
  • Redness
  • Swelling of affected area
  • Numbness
  • “Pins and needles” sensations
  • Skin colour changes 

TREATMENT

Here are some things you can do to treat work-related musculoskeletal disorders and prevent, or reduce the pain: 

  • Restrict movement if possible 
  • Application of heat or cold
  • Exercise
  • Medication and surgery 

Learn more about workplace safety – enroll in a first-aid course. 

Click here to view upcoming dates for upcoming classes at the Hercules Training Academy. 


FOR MORE INFORMATION ON SAFETY,

CHECK OUT OUR BLOGS:

HERCULES TRAINING ACADEMY: EMPLOYEES LEARN THE INDUSTRY

SLING INSPECTION CHECKLIST: HERCULES HOW-TO

HERCULES SLR AT THE SABLE STRATEGIC WORKSHOP


STAY IN THE LOOP—FOLLOW US

FACEBOOK  LINKEDIN  TWITTER  INSTAGRAM YOUTUBE


Information via the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety: https://www.ccohs.ca/events/rsi/


Hercules SLR is part of the Hercules Group of Companies which offers a unique portfolio of businesses nationally with locations from coast to coast. Our companies provide an extensive coverage of products and services that support the success of a wide range of business sectors across Canada including the energy, oil & gas, manufacturing, construction, aerospace, infrastructure, utilities, oil and gas, mining and marine industries.

Hercules Group of Companies is comprised of: Hercules SLRHercules Machining & Millwright ServicesSpartan Industrial MarineStellar Industrial Sales and Wire Rope Atlantic.