5 of the Largest and Strongest Cranes
There are so many types of cranes and crane equipment, which we’ve covered on the blog before—But which types of cranes are the biggest and strongest? Don’t worry, Hercules SLR is here to help.
Read on to discover what some of the mightiest cranes are and what they can do.
1. LTM 11200-9.1
Designed by Liebherr, located in Switzerland, the mobile crane, LTM 11200-9.1, is the strongest telescopic mobile crane in the market and offers the world’s longest telescopic boom. It has a maximum lift capacity of 1,200-tons, a maximum hoisting height of 188 meters (616 feet) and a maximum radius of 136 meters (446 feet) – This is over the length of a football field!
Some of the features found on the LTM 11200-9.1 are:
- 100m long telescopic boom and 22m telescopic boom extension.
- Lifting capacity of 65-tons at the 100m long, suspended telescopic boom.
- 126m long luffing fly jib.
- 60.5m long fixed jib, optionally hydraulically adjustable.
- Fast and easy crane assembly with little required space.
- Active, speed dependent rear-axle steering (all axles can be steered).
- Economical transportation.
The LTM 11200-9.1 has been used to assemble larger portal cranes, radio towers, absorber columns, and wind power generators. When fully-loaded the base of the vehicle drives with slewing platforms, luffing cylinder and all four folding beams—With all of these elements, it will weigh in at over 100-tons. However, dismantling these elements is easy to do, making it so you only have to travel with what will be used on the job. Doing this can lessen the total weight to 34-tons, making it much more economical to transport.
2. PTC 200 DS
The PTC 200 DS is owned and operated by a company called Mammoet, located in the Netherlands. This crane is nearly 205 meters (675 feet) tall, has an attachment that can lift 3,500 tons at it’s max capacity and is so large that in order to weigh it down, 35 shipping containers (each 40 feet long) filled with sand are used as counterweights.
This heavy-lift crane has a maximum lift height of 140 meters (459 feet) and a radius of over 136 meters (446 feet). The PTC200 DS can handle a 2,000-ton load at a radius of up to 78 meters with 3,500 tonnes of ballast and 117 meters (383 feet) of boom—Or 58 (190 feet) meters radius on a 140-meter boom. It recently went through an upgrade that allows the crane to lift a 2,000-ton structure in one piece as opposed to lifting it in multiple sections.
The PTC 200 DS heavy-lift crane is used around the world mostly on large refinery and petrochemical projects. The crane was even used to construct the Dubai Observation Wheel, which is the world’s tallest Ferris wheel towering at nearly 213 meters (700 feet) tall. Other than this project, the crane has spent the majority of its life in the United States, South America and here in Canada!
3. The Asian Hercules III
The Asian Hercules is one of the world’s largest floating cranes, weighing in at a whopping 16,805-tons. The complete vessel features accommodations for 45 people! With a lifting capacity of 5,000-tons and a maximum lifting height of 120 meters (393 feet), this floating giant is designed for heavy lifting operations offshore.
The Asian Hercules III was constructed in 2015, registered in Singapore and has an ‘ABS A1, + AMS – Heavy Lift Vessel’ classification crane. Among its features, this crane operates with the following winches:
- 2 cargo winches capable of pulling 20 tons at 10m/min.
- 2 class anchor winches for handling the 6,975kg HHP bow anchor with a 76 mm grade 3 anchor chain.
- 2 luffing winches providing a maximum luffing speed of 1.00m/min at full load.
- 4 main hoisting winches for the A-frame, and 2 for the Jib, each capable of hoisting speeds of 2m/min at full load and 5m/min a light or no load.
- 2 Jib adjustments winches, mounted on the A-frame, for adjustment of the job without load from 00 to 400 with respect to the A-frame.
- 2 aux hoisting winches for the A-frame and 1 unit for the Jib, each capable of hoisting speeds of 10m/min at full load of 20 tons.
What’s the Jib? A jib or jib arm is the horizontal or near-horizontal beam used in many types of crane to support the load clear of the main support.
The construction of this mega-crane, designed by Gunnebo, is the culmination of more than 250-years of technical know-how. Designing the vessel required a 5000-ton modular block system with a spreader beam, luffing blocks, and sheaves. After two years of design and construction, the Asian Hercules III is a flexible lifting solution with interchangeable parts that can be customized for different lifting configurations.
4. SGC – 250
The SGC – 250, the Sarens Giant Crane also known as ‘Big Carl’, is a 250,000t/m heavy crane designed to accommodate the heavy lifting requirements for refinery, oil and gas, mining, offshore platform, and third-generation components for nuclear power plants.
Built in 2015, this crane has a maximum lift capacity of 5,000-tons and features a 118m – 160.5m main boom configuration with a 40.5m – 99.5 m heavy-duty jib configuration. It operates on a 48.5m outer ring and requires a 5,200-ton counterweight. The jib can be extended up to 100 meters, giving it a maximum height of 250 meters (820 feet) and radius 275 meters (902 feet).
The SGC – 250 can operate on two different blocks at the same time—One on the main boom and one on the jib. The crane’s main hook block weighs 105 tonnes and has a safe working load (SWL) of 3,200 tonnes while the jib hook weighs 58 tonnes and has an SWL of 1,600 tonnes.
After it’s unveiling the SGC – 250 was transported to the UK where it was used on the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station construction project. Over the course of that project, the SGC lifted more than 600 pieces of pre-fabricated components.
Finishing up our list we have a crane that hasn’t yet hit the scene, but when it does, it will take the spot of the world’s largest land-based crane. The SK10,000, created by ALE, is set to be completed by Q4 of 2020.
As floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) units and floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) units grow in popularity, larger cranes like the SK10,000 become necessary. Often times, modules of these ships are constructed elsewhere and then transferred to the shipyard for assembly. The SK10,000 will allow modules to be installed directly onto the ship’s hulls, advancing current capabilities in terms of both maximum weight lifted and impact on these project’s efficiency.
The SK10,000 will deliver unparalleled lifting capacity as well as a number of other features such as:
- Jib outreach of up to 200m (655ft).
- Ground bearing pressure below 25te/m2.
- A winch hoisting system with various hook blocks to maximize lift capacity and hoisting speed.
- A small plot area—The design will eliminate the need to install a full ring or crane track unless specifically required for the project, which will reduce the space needed to operate by 45%. This will be ideal for busy shipyards or areas with restricted access like oil refineries or petrochemical plants.
- Reduced on-site disruption—The large lifting radius will allow the crane to be fully rigged and operated off-plot with less groud preparation needed.
- Simplified logistics and assembly—ALE‘s specialists will be able to assemble the crane in a matter of weeks using standard plant and a crawler crane.
What’s a crawler crane? A crawler crane has its boom mounted on an undercarriage fitted with a set of crawler tracks that provide both stability and mobility. Crawler cranes range in lifting capacity from 40 to 3,500 short tons.
Hercules SLR offers crane certifications & LEEA-certified inspections, repairs, predictive & preventive maintenance and crane parts & accessories like wire rope slings, hoists & whatever else you need to lift.
When you spend a long day lifting, hoisting and pulling, your body probably has some aches & pains. Did you know your crane is no different? Just like a weightlifter must take care of their body, watch what they eat and even ensure the palms of their hands are prepared to lift, your crane needs a similar level of care. (And, we know what happens when this level of care is overlooked).